Sphagnum


Tony Turf

Toni Turf
Toni turf (click for details)

MOORitz -
                click for details Sphagnum

This genus can be quite difficult to identify in the field, and many species can only be reliably separated with a microscope.
The Sphagnum flora by Bouwman contains a good field key (in Dutch).The online BBS field guide also has a good key.
You can also download a Norwegian field guide (in English) here.

Identification

The following table identifies the genus to the level of the sections.


Section
Feature
Species

Sphagnum Plants large and swolen
Branch leaves with hooded apices (ends)
Stem leaves obtuse (blunt), lingulate (toungue-shaped)

affine
magellanicum

paulstre
papillosum


Rigida Compact
Minute stem leaves
Hanging branches very different
compactum
strictum

Squarrosa Stem leaves large and lingulate (toungue-shaped)
Branch leaves not hooded

squarrosum
teres


Subsecunda Sometimes curved, often swollen branches
Often copper coloured
Branch leaves not hooded
At least some stem leaves spreading

contortum
denticulatum
inundatum
platyphyllum
subsecundum


Cuspida Branch leaves recurved when dry, narrow
Stem leaves hanging
angustifolium
balticum
cuspidatum
fallax
flexuosum
majus
obtusum
pulchrum
riparium
tenellum

Acutifolia

Pink-red (often)
Slender plants
Branches not swollen
Hanging and spreading branches different
S tem leaves erect

capillifolium
fimbriatum
fuscum
molle
quinquefarium
russowii
subnitens


Photgraphs

Sphagnum capillifolium
Sphagnum capillifolium
Sphagnum cuspidatum
Sphagnum denticulatum
Sphagnum fallax
Sphagnum fallax
Sphagnum fimbriatum
Sphagnum girgensohnii
Sphagnum magellanicum
Sphagnum palustre
Sphagnum palustre
Sphagnum papillosum
Sphagnum riparium
Sphagnum russowii
Sphagnum squarrosum
Sphagnum subnitens
Sphagnum teres


Sphagnum capillifolium

=S. nemorum
Stijfveenmos
Red bog-moss

Spitzblättriges Torfmoos


Sphagnum capillifolium
Stijfveenmos
Red bog-moss

Spitzblättriges Torfmoos


Sphagnum cuspidatum
Waterveenmos
Feathery bog-moss

Spiess-Torfmoos


Sphagnum denticulatum
(=Spagnum auriculatum)
Geoord veenmos
Cow-horn bog-moss

Geöhtes Torfmoos


Sphagnum fallax
(=S. recurvum)
Fraai veenmos
Flat-topped bog-moss

Trügerusches Torfmoos

Click to enlarge Sphagnum fallax
Sphagnum fallax
(=S. recurvum)
Fraai veenmos
Flat-topped bog-moss
Trügerusches Torfmoos


Sphagnum fimbriatum
Gewimperd veenmos
Fringed bog-moss

Gefranstes Torfmoos

 
Sphagnum girgensohnii
Gerafeld veenmos
Girgenshon's bog-moss

Girensohnsches Torfmoos


Sphagnum magellanicum
Hoogveenmos
Magellanic bog-moss

Mittleres Torfmoos


Sphagnum palustre
Gewoon veenmos
Blunt-leaved bog-moss

Kahnblättriges Torfmoos


Sphagnum papillosum
Wrattig veenmos
Papillose bog-moss

Warziges Torfmoos


Sphagnum riparium
Uitgebeten veenmos
Cleft bog-moss

Ufer-Torfmoos


Sphagnum russowii
Violet veenmos
Russow's bog-moss

Derbes Torfmoos


Sphagnum squarrosum
Haakveenmos
Spiky bog-moss

Sparriges Torfmoos


Sphagnum subnitens

Glanzend veenmos
Lustrous bog-moss

Feder-Torfmoos


Sphagnum teres
Sparrig veenmos
Rigid bog-moss
Rundes
Torfmoos

Click to enlarge Sphagnum pallustre
Sphagnum palustre
Gewoon veenmos
Blunt-leaved bog-moss

Kahnblättriges Torfmoos

Click to enlarge
Sphagnum magellanicum
Hoogveenmos
Magellanic bog-moss
Mittleres Torfmoos







Click to
                enlarge
Microscopic life in Sphagnum. By Wim van Egmond
Click to
                enlarge Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge
Migneint, North Wales  Vragenderveld, Gelderland (NL)
Dahlem nature reserve, Germany
Location


Information

Sphagnum in North America: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=130947
You can download a Norwegian field guide (in English) here.

Sphagnum squarrosum


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